The state of Jammu and Kashmir, bordering India and Pakistan, has decided to remain independent. She offered to sign status quo agreements with both gentlemen. Pakistan immediately agreed, but India called for further talks. Pakistan immediately denied membership and suggested that it was fraudulent, that the Maharajah had acted under duress and that he had no right to sign an agreement with India while the status quo agreement with Pakistan was still in force. Meanwhile, Pakistan interpreted the fact that the J-K silence agreements with India were pending as meaning that the state would eventually join Pakistan. The new delegation obtained only trivial changes to the previous draft agreement. [12] It established that all subsequent agreements and administrative arrangements between the British Crown and Nizam would be maintained with the Indian government. These include defence, foreign affairs and communication (the three themes that are normally addressed in the accession instrument). The agents would be exchanged between Hyderabad and India. The Indian government has agreed to relinquish the functions of the supreme government. The status quo agreement is expected to remain in effect for a one-year period.

[13] The agreement was signed by Nizam on November 29, 1947. [14] The Shimla Agreement: The Shimla Agreement was signed in 1972 between India and Pakistan to bring peace between the two countries after Bangladesh`s war of independence. Another line of control has been established between India-controlled Kashmir and Pakistan-controlled Kashmir. The two countries agreed to end the conflict and confrontation and resolve their differences through bilateral negotiations without peaceful third-party intervention. The signing of the agreement made Jammu and Kashmir a bilateral dispute. On 15 August, the State of Junagadh implemented the accession instrument and the status quo agreement with Pakistan. It was adopted by Pakistan on 13 September. [5] Junagadh was the only state to declare membership in Pakistan until 15 August.

[6] Some indigenous leaders of the Principality tried to buy time by declaring that they would sign the status quo agreement, but not the accession instrument until they had time to make up their minds. In response, the Indian government considered that it would only sign status quo agreements with the states that joined the Union. [4] Until August 15, 1947, the agreed date and date of India`s independence, all but four princely states, which are Indian, signed about 560 of them, both the accession instrument and the status quo agreement with India. The exceptions were Hyderabad, a large state in central South India, which received a two-month extension, and three small states of Gujarat: Junagadh and its subsidiaries (Mangrol and Babariawad). [5] The draft status quo agreement was drawn up on 3 June 1947 by the political department of the British-Indian government. The agreement provided that all administrative agreements of “common interest” between the British Crown and a particular signatory state would be kept unchanged between the signatory regime (India or Pakistan) and the State until new agreements are concluded. A separate timetable set out issues of common interest. During the discussion, Jawaharlal Nehru, India`s future prime minister, expressed doubts about whether the agreement should cover only “administrative” issues. Mohammad Ali Jinnah, the future Governor General of Pakistan, spoke in his favour.

[2] The Kalat Khanate, on the western outskirts of Pakistan, also decided to remain independent. It has signed a status quo agreement with Pakistan. It is significant that the agreement did not provide for the Dominion of India to deploy Indian troops to the state, while British India had maintained several cantons, notably in Secunderabad, as part of its “subsidiary alliance” with the state. Over the next six months, Indian troops were withdrawn from the state. [15] According to K.