Despite numerous disagreements, the British delegation, Stalin and Truman managed to reach some agreements in Potsdam. It was decided that Germany should be occupied by the Americans, the British, the French and the Soviets. It would also be demilitarized and disarmed. The German industry used for military purposes had to be dismantled and the educational and judicial systems of the country defeated from the National Socialism of Nazism purged. The racial laws of the Nazis and other laws should be repealed and war criminals brought to justice and punished. German society was to be transformed from a democratic point of view, but the country`s re-establishment as a sovereign state was postponed indefinitely. In the meantime, Germany was to be governed by an Allied control committee made up of the four occupying powers. At the conference, Truman called Stalin a “powerful new weapon” unspecified. Towards the end of the conference, on 26 July, potsdam`s declaration issued an ultimatum to Japan to surrender unconditionally or to face the “rapid and total destruction” that the new bomb did not mention,[48] but promised that “it was not the intention to enslave Japan.” The Soviet Union did not participate in this declaration, as it was still neutral in the war against Japan. Japanese Prime Minister KantarĂ© Suzuki did not respond,[49] which was seen as a sign that the Japanese Empire had ignored the ultimatum. [50] Subsequently, the United States dropped atomic bombs on Hiroshima on August 6, 1945 and nagasaki on August 9, 1945. The justifications cited were that both cities were legitimate military targets and that it was necessary to quickly end the war and preserve American life. After the end of the Second World War in Europe (1939-1945) and the decisions of previous conferences in Tehran, Casablanca and Yalta, the Allies had taken the highest authority over Germany by the Berlin Declaration of 5 June 1945.

At the conference of the three powers in Berlin (formal title of the Potsdam Conference) from 17 July to 2 August 1945, they approved and adopted the amstbiss of 1 August 1945. The signatories were Secretary General Joseph Stalin, President Harry S. Truman and Prime Minister Clement Attlee, who had replaced Winston Churchill as the United Kingdom`s representative following the 1945 British general election. The three powers also agreed to invite France and China to participate, as members of the Council of Foreign Ministers, which was established for the agreement. The provisional government of the French Republic accepted the invitation on 7 August, with the main caveat that it would not accept from the outset any obligation to form a central government in Germany. From 17 July to 2 August 1945, the “Big Three” summit was held in Potsdam, attended by US President Harry S. Truman, British Prime Minister Winston Churchill (followed by his successor Clement Attlee) and Soviet Head of State Joseph Stalin. The Potsdam Agreement was the August 1945 agreement between three World War II allies, the United Kingdom, the United States and the Soviet Union.